The Philippines is one of the most diverse countries in the world, with Muslims, Christians, and other faiths making up over 20% of the population.
But there are also some who consider themselves non-Muslims.
What is their identity?
What is Islam?
We spoke to five of these individuals.
– Nino de LimaThe former Philippine President is the first Muslim woman to lead the country, and she is the author of several books on religion.
The Filipino word for “Muslim” is “Makabayan”, meaning “people of the book”.
She became president after a campaign in which she campaigned on the promise to bring peace to the country.
Her policies include the creation of a religious school, opening a mosque, and setting up an Islamic university in the capital.
She also called for the release of a political prisoner and the imprisonment of two of her former supporters.
Her husband, former Vice President Leni Robredo, is currently serving a life sentence for murder.
De Lima has long argued that Muslims are not good citizens and should be removed from the country’s political system.
But she has also repeatedly spoken out against Islamophobia.
She has also spoken of her hope to be able to return to the Philippines one day.
Nino De Lima is a political science professor at the University of the Philippines.
She is the founder of the Islamic Association of the Republic of the Philippine Islands.
– Hernán RizalRizal was a politician from the Democratic Party of the Armed Forces of the country of Cebu.
The former mayor of Davao City, he was president from 2002 until 2012.
During his term, he won over many Filipinos by fighting against corruption and corruption of all kinds.
He was also widely considered the architect of the controversial Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act, which led to the arrests of more than 30,000 people in just six months.
He also signed several executive orders, including the creation and implementation of the National Defense Law, which is aimed at strengthening the national defense system.
His reforms have helped the Philippines become one of Asia’s most secure countries.
– Jose Ramon PangilinanThe former president of the island of Mindanao is a well-known human rights advocate.
He served from 1993 until 2018.
During that time, he worked to reduce crime, strengthen the military, and establish a legal system based on the rule of law.
He is also known for advocating the protection of indigenous people and the poor.
He has also made an effort to improve the environment in Mindanaan, particularly the creation, expansion, and implementation in his hometown of Marawi.
– Roxas AquinoAnother politician from Mindanaa is Roxas “Bibi” Aquino.
He lost the election to Rodrigo Duterte in 2018 after winning over many voters with his strong positions against corruption, human rights abuses, and drugs.
He later returned to the presidency, serving from 2019 to 2020.
Roxas has been a member of the Senate since 2018, but the majority of his time in office has been spent working on environmental issues.
In January, he signed an executive order that would create an independent environmental monitoring system, a measure that will help the Philippines curb climate change.
– Rodrigo DuterteThe former mayor and former mayor-elect of Davo is currently facing corruption allegations and is under house arrest.
He announced his resignation in June.
Since taking office, Duterte has taken on numerous opponents, including human rights defenders and opposition politicians, and also accused the United States of meddling in his country.
Duterte has also called on the United Nations to investigate allegations of human rights violations by police and security forces.
– Alan Peter CayetanoThe former vice president of Puerto Rico and a prominent human rights lawyer is currently on house arrest after he was indicted for allegedly stealing millions of dollars from a pension fund.
Cayetan is known for his work on environmental rights and the environment, and has been critical of corruption in the island nation.
– Risa HontiverosThe former governor of the Dominican Republic is currently in custody in connection with a drug smuggling investigation.
Her detention comes in the wake of an alleged attempt by Dominican officials to bribe a journalist.
In 2016, Hontiversos was indicted on drug trafficking charges.
She was released after serving about two years.
– Luisa AbellaAbella is currently under house-arrest in the Dominican republic after her arrest in 2015 for allegedly receiving millions of pesos (about $300,000) in bribes.
She became a popular figure in the country due to her tough stance against corruption.
She now serves as a public servant in the government.
– Manuel RoxasManny Roxas, the former President of the Democratic Republic of Congo and the former president and leader of the Congo People’s Revolutionary Congress, is a leader in the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo (DFCLC), an opposition group.
His leadership helped the DRC to become one the fastest growing countries in Africa.
– Jomo Kenyatta